Monday, May 25, 2020
A closed timelike curve (sometimes abbreviated CTC) is a theoretical solution to the general field equations of the theory of general relativity. In a closed timelike curve, the worldline of an object through spacetime follows a curious path where it eventually returns to the exact same coordinates in space and time that it was at previously. In other words, a closed timelike curve is the mathematical result of physics equations that allows for time travel. Normally, a closed timelike curve comes out of the equations through something called frame dragging, where a massive object or intense gravitational field moves and literally drags spacetime along with it. Many results that allow for a closed timelike curve involve aÃ black hole, which allows for a singularity in the normally smooth fabric of spacetime and often results in aÃ wormhole. One key thing about a closed timelike curve is that it is generally thought the worldline of the object following this curve doesnt change as a result of following the curve. That is to say, the worldline is closed (it loops back on itself and becomes the original timeline), but that has always been the case. Should a closed timelike curve be used to get a time traveler to travel into the past, that most common interpretation of the situation is that the time traveler would have always been part of the past, and therefore thered be no changes to the past as a result of the time traveler suddenly showing up. History of Closed Timelike Curves The first closed timelike curve was predicted in 1937 by Willem Jacob van Stockum and was further elaborated by the mathematician Kurt Godel in 1949. Criticism of Closed Timelike Curves Though the result is technically allowed in some very highly-specialized situations, many physicists believe that time travel is not achievable in practice. One person who supported this viewpoint was Stephen Hawking, who proposed a chronological protection conjecture that the laws of the universe would ultimately be such that they prevent any possibility of time travel. However, since a closed timelike curve doesnt result in changes to how the past unfolded, the various paradoxes that we would normally want to say are impossible dont apply in this situation. The most formal representation of this concept is known as the Novikov self-consistency principle, an idea presented by Igor Dmitriyevich Novikov in the 1980s that suggested that if CTCs are possible, then only self-consistent trips backward in time would be allowed. Closed Timelike Curves in Popular Culture Since closed timelike curves represent the only form of travel backward in time that is allowed under the rules of general relativity, attempts to be scientifically accurate in time travel generally try to use this approach. However, the dramatic tension involved in scientific stories often require some sort possibility, at least, that history could be altered. The number of time travel stories that really stick to the idea of closed timelike curves are pretty limited. One classic example comes from the science fiction short story All You Zombies, by Robert A. Heinlein. This story, which was the basis of the 2014 film Predestination, involves a time traveler who repeatedly goes backward in time and interacts with various previous incarnations, but each time the traveler who comes from later in the timeline, the one who has looped back, has already experienced the encounter (albeit only for the first time). Another good example of closed timelike curves is the time travel plotline that ran through the final seasons of the television series Lost. A group of characters traveled backward in time, in the hopes of altering events, but it turned out that their actions in the past create no change in how events unfolded, but it turns out that they were always part of how those events unfolded in the first place. Also Known As: CTC
Friday, May 15, 2020
The Fund of Funds: Valuation of Investments 1. Arthur Andersen did not rely on competent and sufficient audit evidence in auditing the valuation assertion related to FOFÃ¢â¬â¢s natural resources assets. According to Paragraphs .21 of AU Section 326, to be competent, evidence must be both valid and relevant. Evidential matter obtained from independent sources outside an entity provides greater assurance of reliability for the purposes of an independent audit. However, many aspects of the National Resources Fund Account (NRFA) audit were completed by using the records of KRC instead of the fair market value. The number they used may contain errors or even fraud. Since FOF had no means of valuing the assets proposed for investment by NRFA andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Without understanding the allocation method or amount being allocated, it would be hard to determine absolutely that profit was such a high figure. 3. Based on Paragraphs .09-.10 of AU Section 329, the primary purpose of substantive analytical procedures is to provide assurance on certain audit objectives. However, depending on the objective, analytical procedures might not be enough, and tests of details would provide a more desired level of assurance. The auditor should understand the objectives of the audit, and create a plan that best suits his/her objectives by creating a combination of analytical procedures and tests of details. If I was on the audit team for FOF, I would use the Ã¢â¬Å"Consolidated Sales to IndustryÃ¢â¬ information since it is applicable to successfully completing the audit. For FOF, one of my audit objectives would be to provide assurance that the prices FOF was getting from vendors were at reasonable rates. Using the Ã¢â¬Å"Consolidated Sales to IndustryÃ¢â¬ information, I would be able to see that the profits are not aligned and therefore, would need to investigate further. At this point, I coul d plan tests of details to further investigate the nature of these profits. An auditor has the obligation to show professional skepticism and be watchful for fraudulent activities. The heightened percentage of profits could be seen as a red flag. All of these practices fall under theShow MoreRelatedCase Study 5.1 the First Audit Essay728 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesBrandy Santiago MGT 410 Quality Improvement and Management Dr. Kislal Case Study 5.1 The First Audit Quality Auditing is a management tool to systematically determine compliance to requirements. Poorly executed audits provide incomplete or inaccurate information upon which to base future decisions. The ISO 9000 and MBNQA standards and criteria are the two most frequently used audit standards in the United States. Can John conduct an audit of his companyÃ¢â¬â¢s quality management system given itsRead MoreCase Study 5.1 Panera Bread1633 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesavailability of substitutes, competence of substitutes in terms of price, quality, performance and other attributes, and the switching costs to the substitutes. In general, the industry is more attractive if the threat of substitutes is low. In this case, the threat of substitutes is medium. According to Panera Bread, substitute products can be the food served by closest competitors who are in the fast casual dining sector and those not direct competitors such as restaurants that serve different typesRead MoreEssay on Case 5.1 - a Strategy Is Born Adm-624844 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCase 5.1 - A Strategy is Born Grand Canyon University: ADM-624 01/09/2013 The events that were described in this case study sounds to me as if they started off with the planning model of Rational Planning. I say this due to the fact that all the right parties were alerted to what needed to be done with goals being said and set to be put into place for starters. This did help with the main concerns being priorities and kept to along with formations being followed with effective organized tacticsRead MoreCase 5.1: Comparing Co- Worker Against Each Other: Dose This Motivate Employees?678 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesCase 5.1: Comparing Co- Worker against Each Other: Dose this Motivate Employees? 1- What s your opinion regarding forced ranking performance appraisal? Do they motivate employees? Explain By implementing a forced ranking procedure, organizations guarantee that managers will differentiate talent. While conventional performance appraisal systems may allow managers to inflate ratings and award Superior ratings to all, a forced ranking system ensures that distribution requirements will be met.Read MoreHelp624 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSeema Begum Short Answer Task B Ã¢â¬â 2.1/2.2/2.3/4.1/4.2/4.3/4.4/6.1/6.2/6.3 Case Studies Task C Ã¢â¬â 5.1/5.2/5.3/5.4/5.5 Assignment 207 Understand person centred approaches in adult social care settings. Tasks Task A Information Leaflet Create an information leaflet about person-centred care, aimed at individuals who use the service and their families. The leaflet must include 1) A definition of person-centred values 2) An explanation of it is important for why social care workers toRead MoreGlobal Value Chain : Lincoln University Essay1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroductionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦2 3.0 Global Value Chain DefinitionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦..2 4.0 GVC Example 1: AdidasÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...3 4.1 Value 1Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.3 4.2 Value 2Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.4 5.0 GVC Example 2: DellÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.....5 5.1 Value 1Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦5 5.2 Value 2Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦.Ã¢â¬ ¦6 6.0 ConclusionÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ ¦...Ã¢â¬ ¦7 2.0 INTRODUCTION: The 21st century has come with big changes to production processes within Global Value Chains (GVC)Read MoreChapter Three . Research Methodology. 4.1 Case Study Protocol.1230 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesResearch Methodology 4.1 Case Study Protocol Overview of the Study This case study is primarily aimed at determining the use of public relations in healthcare organization crisis management and the way health care organizations respond to the crisis. This was achieved through the facilitation of procedural data collection from the selected case across the various sources of data available as well as encouraging flexibility throughout the study. 4.2 Research Method The qualitative case study was embracedRead MorePublic Relations Between Healthcare Organization Crisis Management And The Way Health Care Organizations1222 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOverview of the Study This case study is primarily aimed at determining the use of public relations in healthcare organization crisis management and the way health care organizations respond to the crisis. This was achieved through the facilitation of procedural data collection from the selected case across the various sources of data available as well as encouraging flexibility throughout the study. 4.2 Research Method The qualitative case study was embraced as the scientific approach. This studyRead MoreCase Study Approach : Qualitative Research1428 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesCASE STUDY APPROACH IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH Introduction Miles and Huberman (1994) present a graphic meaning of a case study by suggesting that it is like a circle with a heart in the middle (see Figure 5.1). The heart is the focus of the study, while the circle defines the edge or boundary of the case. What is beyond the edge or boundary will not be studied. In other words, to qualify as a case study, you have to state the boundary or delimit what you want to study. For example, you haveRead MoreResearch On The Learning Of An Educational Setup Essay2437 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthe lines of case studies. Yin (1989), Merriam (1988) and Stake (1994) define case study as a Ã¢â¬Ëdetailed examination of one setting, or a single subject, a single depository of documents, or one particular eventÃ¢â¬â¢ (as cited in Bogdan Biklen, 2007, p. 59). The aim of my research deals specifically with the difficulties faced by studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ in studying science in middle school years, for which, Ã¢â¬ËmicroethnographyÃ¢â¬â¢ form of case study would be useful. Ã¢â¬ËMicroethnographyÃ¢â¬â¢ most often refers to case studies done
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
m Recommending a computer system By Mark Woods Contents Page Page 1: Title Page Page 2: Contents Page Page 3: Introduction Computer Systems Page 4: Computer Systems Cont. Page 5: Specification Comparison Table Internet and e-mail Conclusion 2 Introduction This is a report written for Sharon Woods. Sharon is a self-employed beautician who is in need of a computer system to use in her business and for personal use and so came to I for advice. Sharon has a beauticians in the city centre, But will also be using her computer system at home in her study. The computer systemÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦And the 500GB hard drives on all of the laptops in this report are more than up to the task of storing all of SharonÃ¢â¬â¢s music. To use internet in her beauticians, I would recommend Sharon would be best to look at some sort of USB dongle. However I would recommend she downloaded all of her music at home so as she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t eat into her data allowance. As for e-mail Sharon could create two separate e-mail accounts with windows hotmail as she could personalise her e-mail addresses to her liking. Conclusion The laptop I am going to recommend is the ACER Aspire S3-391 Ultrabook.Overall it is the best laptop for SharonÃ¢â¬â¢s business and personal needs.It provides her with the software she needs to create her own advertisements, invoices, letters and to keep track of her accounts for her business. It also provides her with the ability to surf the internet and go shopping online as well as download music and due to the Acer having a DVD re-writer allow her to create her own CDs through windows media player. The Acer also is the lightest laptop in this comparison and therefore will be easy for Sharon to transport between her beauticians and home. 5 Mark Woods Recommending a computer system Acer Lenovo Sony VAIO RAM 4GB 4GB 4GB Hard drive 500GB 500GB 500GB Cd/DVD Drive DVD Re-Writer DVD Re-Writer SupermultiShow MoreRelatedFunctional Status Of The Client s Laptop Essay1126 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesprocessing, reading comprehension, reading, executive function and the writing process. Functional Limitations and Potential Assistive/Rehabilitation Technology Solutions: Genevieve is familiar with using a computer. She currently purchased an ASUS, Windows 10 laptop with 8GB of RAM, 64 Bit operating system. She has a cell phone with 4GB of RAM., and she does not have an All in One printer. Reading: Genevieve states so she can read, but reads at a slow rate. She continued to say so she loses her placeRead MoreAlternative Options For Securing Family Foods Grocery Store Essay1244 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesplan to upgrade the security system to perform at an optimal level. In addition to maintaining the budget requirements set, the weakest points among the organization will be addressed. Upgrading the system software and physical security, creating an information security policy, improving the employment hiring process, and controlling access to the system are primary priorities. The current operating system is a major vulnerability to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s assets. Every computer in the store needs an anti-virusRead MoreAccountability And Responsibility Of An Organization1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesmatters? Who assists who? Who make decisions in absence of who? These are crucial questions that describe responsibilities and accountabilities in an organisation. The Zoo must have clear job description, decision-making process and communication system for all office holders. The Board of Directors The Board of Directors is responsible for the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s governance. It sets the organisationÃ¢â¬â¢s mission, vision, objectives, policies and strategic plan. It also oversees the management ofRead MoreDrawbacks Of Collaborative And Content Based Filtering Methods1178 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesDrawbacks of Collaborative and Content-Based Filtering Methods and the Advantages of Deep Belief Networks in Recommender Systems Sayali Borkar*, Girija Godbole*, Amruta Kulkarni* and Shruti Palaskar* *Computer Engineering Department, Pune Institute of Computer Technology, India AbstractÃ¢â¬âA large number of modern businesses are based on core idea of users consuming content in a physical or digital form, from a catalogue. The catalogue is available for browsing through a web site or mobile applicationRead MoreComplications Of Formulas And Soldations In A Business982 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespurchasing computers. With this you are required to create a networking system that would be most suited for your company. I am recommending two Networking options; they are the Peer-to-Peer Network and the Client Server Network, for the daily running of the office. With the Peer-to-Peer Network it is decentralized and can connect up to ten computers at once, each computer is plugged into a hub or a switch. Each worker who is an administrator, each has a local account, each computer has a name toRead MoreArtificial Intelligence ( Ai ) Is Intelligence Offered By Machines1716 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Artificial intelligence In e -commerce What is artificial intelligence : Artificial intelligence (AI) is intelligence offered by machines. In computer science, an ideal intelligent machine is a flexible rational agent that recognize its environment and takes actions that increase its chance of success at some goal. also, the term artificial intelligence is applied when a machine performs cognitive functions, such as learning and problem solving. SiteZeus is a great example of usingRead MorePersonal Narrative : Choosing A Computer1049 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ¢â¬â CHOOSING A COMPUTER 1.Will you be using the computer mainly to check email and browse the web? A. Computer is a multi tasking device we can use it as a different kinds of ways. But present days almost every computer is interlinked with the WEB for example we need to develop a research paper on particular subject or we need to update latest software versions in to our computer we definitely have to have a WEB. Yes according to my personnel experience I will be using the computer to check my dailyRead MoreTop Five Security Threats And Infrastructure776 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesinformation systems; and aid with any security challenges to the operating environment and infrastructure. For a start, C3J will use the NIST SP 800-14: Generally Accepted Principles and Practices for Securing Information Technology Systems and NIST SP 800-53: Recommended Security Controls for Federal Information Systems standards to outline the top five threats to the server, the workstations, and the website. Following are the top identified threats against AMI information systems, the likelihoodRead More Assignment 1: Computer Forensics Overview1397 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAssignment 1: Computer Forensics Overview CIS 417 Computer Forensics Computer forensics is the process of investigating and analyzing techniques to gather and preserve information and evidence from a particular computing device in a way it can be presented in a court of law. The main role of computer analyst is to recover data including photos, files/documents, and e-mails from computer storage devices that were deleted, damaged and otherwise manipulated. The forensics expertÃ¢â¬â¢s work on casesRead MoreThe Impact Of Contemporary Trends On Data Science1625 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAnalysis of Contemporary Trends in Data Science Introduction It can be said that Big Data is one of the hottest topics in the contemporary information technology. Hot topics in IT comes out every 1 or 2 decades, such as personal computer, internet, become the compulsory transformation choice to organisations. However, big data seems different from the above, partly because big data is not about technology as much organisation transformation. By utilizing the big data, organisations should transform
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the International Political Economy of China. Answer: Introduction Development is directly associated with prosperity. The origination of development dates back to the past six decades and gained significance immediately after the 2nd World War. The process of empowering people to equip them with the potential to pursue goals to improve their well-being, destiny, and environment is referred to as development. There had been challenges by the Western countries in their attempts to rebuild the nations that had been shuttered by the war (Carswell De Neve, 2013). The most frontier challenge for development strategy is moving beyond optimal economic policies prescription, having a more comprehensive view of the social-economic and political dynamics and constraints, and initiating a virtuous spiral of cumulative change. The country was formerly referred to a third world nation whose industrial development consumed excess resources that what the country was able to produce (Coe Hess, 2013). In the past decade, China as a government has been at the foref ront of getting solutions to their then worsened economy. From its statist, modernist, and in particular its liberal beginnings; Chinas development is going through a neoclassical phase that is imperfect due to its strong industrial revolution. Today, China is amongst the fastest growing countries around the globe. This study seeks to find out whether state-led development strategies are finding their way back into fashion in close reference to China. Are State-Led Development Strategies Coming back into Fashion Transformational governance, state capacity building, focused governance, and bottom-up development have come back to fashion in China. China has worked out on implementing state-led development strategies in its market-based economy. Research shows that more than 600 million citizens have been brought out of extreme poverty and this is the step behind the countrys growth in the world economy (Huang Wu, 2012). These state-led development strategies adopted by China have doubled the median wages for an average worker; as a result, China is the World's leading innovator to green energies. The topic under discussion is justifiable since China's domestic life sciences have been seen to grow bolstering significant incentives and investments form the countrys authoritative government. China's size and scale offer the nation a perfect opportunity to continue diversifying its economic activities over its global value chain. This adoption of state-led development strategies coupled with the market-led approach is continually making China a substantial domestic consumer market and large returns generation (Lane Myant, 2016. Below are five models used by China in its state-led development strategies which will help in arguing the question at hand on whether state-led development strategies are coming back to fashion in China; Critical Theories- Marxism The Marxist theory focuses on political practices as the end goal of all governments thoughts. The Chinese government introduced western Marxism to the country in the early 1970s to alleviate the constraints of the Great Cultural Revolution," and its theoretical basis. The Marxism theory brought continued revolution under which people's minds were emancipated and dictatorship was eliminated (McNally, 2012). In China, Marxism is the most famous model of state-led development strategy applied by the government in driving its political, social, and economic goals. China keeps upgrading its industrial revolution, and this is an advanced state-led development strategy which influences peoples life and opportunities for growth. China understands the conditions of working-class people and has been taking advanced actions to incorporate them in industrial policy formulations that can help China prosper. The events of 1978 in China are continually being manifest in its current state of growth. All citizens were involved in debating the most suitable market and state economic policies that could help the country prosper. The debate resulted from the political struggles and ideological differences that the Chinese Communist Party faced. The application of Karl Max model has been bringing amenable results, putting development in practice, and enhancing supplementation in accordance to the millennium development goals (MDGs) of China (Gereffi Wyman, 2014). Through the application of Karl Marx theory, China has been able to alleviate poverty and political instabilities that formerly affected its economic growth. The Chinese academia has attracted a widespread attention to the study of the Marxist theory. China seeks to deliver essential amenities (goods and services) to all its population, and the application of Marxism has been critical to saving the country's socialism. China continues to develop its socialist modernization with the demonstration of western modernization, and this has made China one of the leading economies in the world. Over the last decade, China's economic success has made the country become the world's second-largest economy. China as a government and its people played a paramount role in this rapid expansion and its development in the global political and economic environments (Koh, 2015). The state-led development strategies adopted by the Chinese Communist Party in the 1970s continues to takes its route into Chinas current development fashion state. Political leadership in China has brought extensive development the countrys healthcare, education, and infrastructure. However, China is known to have lacked policy and state-led institutions that can coordinate public versus private partnerships in the country (Musacchio, Lazzarini, Aguilera, 2015). Recently, China has established a framework for supporting public and private relationships and this has been helpful in ensuring that development policies and goals get realized. Liberalism and Capitalism-Economic Institutions such as WTO As a developmental state, China has moved from communist to capitalist. Liberalism involves a political system that emphasizes on equity to citizens rights, opportunities, and individual liberty. On the other side, capitalism involves an economic system that operates in a market economy over which production rights are privately owned (Strange, 2010). China remains to be a liberal, democratic, and a capitalist nation in its endeavors to advance its prospects to state-led development goals. China uses the best development approaches to economic development and industrial revolution due to the liberal nature of its government. As a state-led development nation, China continually formulates stable policies that insulate government bureaucracies from political demands that derailed the state-led approaches by the Communist government in the 1970s. State-led development strategies are on course in China, and this is the major reason behind China's fastest growing industrial economy in the world (Oatley, 2015). China offers its citizens equitable opportunities for a job as well as the patent right to own private firms in various industries such as health and infrastructure. Currently, research shows that China has pulled ahead of the United States of America regarding purchasing-power parity. These continued advances to the modern fashion of state-leadership have created strong warnings that the future of China lies within the authoritarian market managers and that liberal-capitalism appears triumphant at China. With this pace of growth and development, China is projected to dominate the worlds industrial economy in the next five years. Further, China is a member of the World Trade Organization which is the largest economic institution in the world. The decision by the Chinese government to become a member of WTO in 2001 has been significant in its economic growth. This membership signified China's deeper desire to get integrated into the world economy. As a result, the WTO membership has provided China with advanced access to foreign markets something which has reduced international trade barriers significantly (Vijayakumar, Sridharan, Rao, 2010). A primary state-led strategy by China was attracting foreign investment, and this has continually been advanced by China's membership to WTO. Further, state-led development strategies are back into Fashion at China in that China is undergoing economic transformations which offer the country with firmer and speedier economic progress as compared to other second world class countries (Onuf, 2012). Further, the liberal political system of government in China has created a s ystem over which the nation keeps enjoying long-term growth in production and enhancing competitiveness in the world market. The industrial growth in China has also been advanced by its WTO membership whereby the Chinese people have secured job opportunities in foreign countries due to their outstanding innovation and world-class engineering skills. This current state at China reflects foreseeable economic transformation and development of China, and this represents equitable growth, balance, and sustainability. China's performance in the past five years shows its sober economic resilience, financial crisis alleviation, and immense development strategies as a state-led nation around the globe. Stare-Led Talk on China-Beijing Consensus- Economic Power Economic power refers to the ability of a country to own sufficient productive resources that enable its design and enforce economic decisions such as resource allocation and the apportionment of goods and services. China is a richer and a prosperous country, and this makes the country enjoy more economic power and influence in the state-market place than the developing nations. As the leading producer in the industrial revolution industry, China is a free market whereby the price for products is determined by the forces of supply and demand. Regarding gross domestic product, China's socialist market economy is rated to be the world's second largest as per the purchasing power parity (Parkin, 1981). The state-led development strategies are taking a course to fashion in China through its advanced steps and rise to global economic superpower. Today, China has diversified its industrial revolution in the engineering sector to most world's countries whereby they construct roads for loans . Further, the rating by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to rate China as the number one economic superpower has helped China diversify its industrial activities and hence continue growing its economy. The state-led talk on China-Beijing consensus was once viewed to be an awkward and unsustainable blend of capitalist economics and authoritarian politics. However, China's present growth model has impressed in the recent past making the Beijing Consensus attract many admirers globally. The state-led talk that drawn global attendance is currently making China the most significant investment banker hence attracting the most celebrities who have a great interest in resolving the pressing challenges in their political economies (Raco, 2014). As a result of this consensus, Chinas economic power has grown to the most unthought-of level. The China-Beijing consensus implemented development strategies worth $600 billion making Chinas economy grow by 9 percent. Chinas performance continues to influence and inspire other developing countries/ economists not to give up but ensure their strategies are rightly set. The Chinese Economic Model (China-Beijing Consensus) challenged the democratic capitalism by the western world nations. The World Economic Forum deliberated on development strategies that enhance political stability in the nation some of the agenda including resources allocation, investment by government to various industries, and the source of financial resources required to make the country a more developed nation (Saich, 2000). As a result, China has become the world's economy's number two ahead of Japan and gaining a competitive advantage over the US. Government policy toolkit, corporate allegiance, resources sourcing, and strategic priorities were also discussed in the China Model. This builds China's economic strength hence upgrading the countries profile in international affairs. Before the China-Beijing Consensus, China suffered global economic crisis through the unscathed downturns set by the world's unfavorable market environment (Selwyn, 2013). Today, the authorities of Ch ina can design long-term strategic and development priorities that are systematically viable and suitable to the fiscal challenges that exist in China. Global Production Network The concept of Global Production Network (GPN) explains the interconnection of functions, transactions, and operations through which products or services are produced, distributed, and consumed. China realized/ unleashed its productive potential through GPN. Since the early 1970s, China was trying to unravel and understand the global economy's complexities which posed huge inequalities and empirical difficulties to its social-economic and political growth. The use of GPN which is restricted to the global value chain and commodity chain has brought China to its current economic progress (Sikor Mller, 2009). The use of liberal governance which helps the government discharge and allocates its resources equitably made the Chinese get educated and gain excellent, innovative skills in various sectors. Today, China is enjoying the fruits of fairness and equity in governance. Within the transnational space, GPNs continue to help China establish solid economic relationships with other world economies. China continues to specialize in the industrial revolution in specific core competencies and strategic new business areas across the globe. Through IMF, the country has been advised on how to mitigate investment risks which arise from severe market demand fluctuations in the nations they venture at. There have been advanced standardization and modularization of China's produced products, and this helps remain economically stable (Farrell, Newman, 2010). The Global Production Networks have helped China alleviate global firms costs problems something which has formed a long-term solution to the country's competitive flight from other large world economies. China today is like one community, the country has the world's best modern infrastructure which interconnects all cities and regions across the entire nation. This has made China a unique marketplace and makes people trade freely from one city to another hence making the economy grow. Further, China outsources to its independent suppliers its productive operations, and this has continually boosted its production flexibility without incurring further significant financial liabilities related to the establishment of new service facilities. Further, the cost of production modifications is lowered through innovation of new technological ideas that boost both small and large-scale economic activities in the country (Duffield, 2014). Currently, China is moving a step ahead to establishing itself as an industrial decomposition through which creative and reflective industrial actors perpetually thrive. Today, there is no product that China does not produce or manufacture and this is due to its improved Global Production Networks. Brazil, Russian, India, China (BRIC)- Role Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) convene in the Xiamen city at China for their annual summit to discuss the future of the globalized economy. BRIC is the worlds leading emerging economies. Recent research shows that China enjoys success in its global supply chains making it's the world's second-largest economy by GDP ( Baylis, Owens, Smith, 2017). However, in the year 1990, China's productive capacity formed less than 3 percent of the globe's manufacturing output something which has been overturned by this recent research. This success by China can be attributed by its membership with BRIC whose main aims are protecting their economies, lifting the largely populated poor regions, and safeguarding their social, economic, and political environments (Block Keller, 2015). The ability to fight corruption by China has made the country to become the most developed nation amongst all BRIC members. Financing from BRIC impacts development to the members and the roles of BRIC include: Facilitating advanced implementation of past policy commitments: China has the role of advancing past policy commitment implementation among the BRIC nations to enhance long-term growth through structural reforms, financial stability, and innovation. Encouraging cooperation among the BRIC nations: China has the role of supporting the BRIC countries work together to alleviate the external economic environment challenges that are unfavorable to them. Promotion of stable and resilient international financial structure: BRICS aims at creating a stable financial environment over which its members can enjoy and emerge as worlds best economies. Promotion of global trade: BRICS other role is jointly enhancing global growth in trade that enhances regional trade agreements transparency. To achieve this role, BRICS use internal exchanges and shared expertise to unify their economic stances in a unified manner. Conclusion State-led development strategies are coming back into fashion. China is the world's second-largest industrial economy and has the potential to lead the world market in the next five years. China has one of the Worlds largest population size who demand equal access to government resources and social amenities. The Chinese government is industrially upgrading. Over the past decades, China has designed various state-led development strategies some of which include; developing China's research capacity, investment in star research, funding downstream knowledge translation and transfer, and building industrial RD infrastructure. China as a country targets to move its global value chain. However, China has one of the highest populations in the world, and this poses a threat to its continued economic development in future. On the contrary, this state-led model of development adopted by China promises a great chance for growth rather than recession. References Baylis, J., Owens, P., Smith, S. (Eds.). (2017).The globalization of world politics: An introduction to international relations. Oxford University Press. Block, F. L., Keller, M. R. (2015).State of innovation: the US government's role in technology development. Routledge. Carswell, G., De Neve, G. (2013). Labouring for global markets: Conceptualising labor agency in global production networks. Geoforum,44, 62-70. Coe, N. M., Hess, M. (2013). Global production networks, labor, and development. Geoforum,44, 4-9. Duffield, M. (2014).Global governance and the new wars: The merging of development and security. Zed Books Ltd. Farrell, H., Newman, A. L. (2010). Making global markets: Historical institutionalism in international political economy.Review of International Political Economy,17(4), 609-638. Gereffi, G., Wyman, D. L. (Eds.). (2014).Manufacturing miracles: paths of industrialization in Latin America and East Asia. Princeton University Press. Huang, C., Wu, Y. (2012). State-led technological development: A case of Chinas nanotechnology development.World Development,40(5), 970-982. Koh, S. Y. (2015). State?led talent return migration programme and the doubly neglected Malaysian diaspora: Whose diaspora, what citizenship, whose development?.Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography,36(2), 183-200. Lane, D., Myant, M. (Eds.). (2016).Varieties of capitalism in post-communist countries. Springer. McNally, C. A. (2012). Sino-capitalism: China's reemergence and the international political economy.World Politics,64(4), 741-776. Musacchio, A., Lazzarini, S. G., Aguilera, R. V. (2015). New varieties of state capitalism: Strategic and governance implications.The Academy ofManagement Perspectives,29(1), 115-131. Oatley, T. (2015).International political economy. Routledge. Onuf, N. G. (2012).World of our making: rules and rule in social theory and international relations. Routledge. Parkin, F. (1981). Marxism and class theory: A bourgeois critique. Raco, M. (2014). Delivering Flagship Projects in an Era of Regulatory Capitalism: State?led Privatization and the London Olympics 2012.International Journal of Urban and Regional Research,38(1), 176-197. Saich, T. (2000). Negotiating the state: The development of social organizations in China.The China Quarterly,161, 124-141. Selwyn, B. (2013). Social upgrading and labor in global production networks: a critique and an alternative conception. Competition Change,17(1), 75-90. Sikor, T., Mller, D. (2009). The limits of state-led land reform: An introduction.World Development,37(8), 1307-1316. Strange, S. (Ed.). (2010).Paths to International Political Economy (Routledge Revivals). Routledge. Vijayakumar, N., Sridharan, P., Rao, K. C. S. (2010). Determinants of FDI in BRICS Countries: A panel analysis.International Journal of Business Science Applied Management,5(3).
Saturday, April 11, 2020
Movie Forest Gump Today I am doing my oral presentation on the Drama movie Forest Gump rated M15. (pause) This movie traces a fictitious life to portray and comment on significant social events in the united states of America, in the 1960's, 70's and 80's. The movie is about a man named Forest Gump who is seen by others to be stupid, but he has achieved more than any ordinary person. Forest, played by the award winning Tom Hanks, tells his life story while sitting at a bus stop and comparing it to a box of chocolates, because he doesn't know what's going to happen next While telling his story, the audience is taken back to when forest is a small boy in country Alabama USA. Because forest is classed as stupid and has braces put on his legs to fix his spine, the kids he attends school with think of him as a freak, except one, Forests love, Jenny. Jenny is a girl who lives with her sisters and their abusive father on a large corn farm. As Jenny and Forest get older, Jenny starts to take a different path to Forest and drifts in and out of his life through out the movie which, understandable creates heart ache for Forest. We are taken through Forests life as a College football star, which sees a lot of controversy. When Forest graduates college, he decides to join the army, where he meets his new found best friend Bubba. In 1963, Forest and Bubba are sent to fight in the Vietnam war. Under the watchful eye of Lieutenant Dan Taylor, Forest unsuspectingly becomes a hero. On his return to America, Forest is awarded the congressional medal that is presented by President Nixion. This is one of my favourite scenes because this scene show Forests carefree personality and his sensibility all though at times both are challenged. SHOW TAPE!! While Forest was injured during the war, he takes up the game ping pong and becomes a champion. With the money made from his success, he buys a fishing boat and becomes a shrimp mastermind along with the help of Lieutenant Dan. One day after Jenny has left Forests life once again, he decides he wants to go for a run. He tells himself he will run to the next county but doesn't stop, infact he doesn't stop until 3 and a half years later. Through out this movie there are twists that are unsuspected, including the ending which will bring a tear to anybody's eye. (pause) Whilst watching this movie I came across a couple of morals. The strongest one I got was that no matter what you dream is keep trying and it will be within reach. This Memorable movie was produced by Wendy Finerman, Steve Tisch and Steve starkey. Although their names are not well known as producers they put all there talent into this movie, along with the help of the director Robert Zemeckis. Lastly I would like to comment on my favourite phrase of this movie that Forest used many times, Stupid is as stupid does With that I rate this excellent movie 8 out of 10. Thank you Bibliography none Poetry Essays
Tuesday, March 10, 2020
My Values essays People have very different reasons on why going to college and getting an education is important for them. Some people go to college because that is what is expected of them, and others go because they have nothing else better to do. However, I am interested in going to college and obtaining a good education because it will benefit my family, my country, and me. My parents have this perfect life for me pictured in their heads, and the first thing they see me doing is going to college. They expect the best of me, and so by going to college, I will not only have fulfilled their goals for me, but I will have accomplished one of the goals I have set for myself. In our culture, when parents come to the age where they cant support themselves, it is the duty of the children to look after them. We dont just throw our elders into retirement homes and visit them twice every year. We are expected to meet their wants and needs, and that will not be possible without a good education, which will then lead to a good job. As you know, a college education is good for each individual, but not only that, it is good for the country. As a college education becomes more obtainable through the use of financial aid, our country benefits the most. We are the future businessmen and women of America, and through our knowledge, the country will grow. The education we get today will help us prosper in the future, and the more we expand our horizons, the more the economy will increase. If students are denied an education because they dont have the means to pay for college, then they are deprived of accomplishing their goals and reaching their fullest potential. In the words of Michael Jackson, The dream we were conceived in will reveal a joyful face, and the world we once believed in will shine again in grace. With the students of today being educated, the people of tomorrow will prosper. Now that Ive explained how my goi...
Sunday, February 23, 2020
History - Essay Example They loathed anything that was even remotely communist in nature. This feeling was partly fuelled by the innate anti-communist spirit as well as the effect of the vendetta by the politicians. This was a part of the wider policy of containment followed by the United States of America (Addington, 2000). The war ended with the takeover of Saigon by the North Vietnamese in the year 1975 and the cessation of war which was a byproduct of the Case-Church agreement. Military intervention by the Americans was a strategy that was followed with great effect in the Korean War. However, the defeat in the Vietnam put a serious mark on the policy of containment that concentrated on the military intervention as a deterrent (Daum & Gardner, 2003). The war showed a lot of inadequacy on the part of the Special Forces in the country. Even the American marines also failed severely in the war. It put into doubt and criticism on the American militaryÃ¢â¬â¢s policy of attrition. This policy came under hea vy fire as that led to a lot of casualties on the war front. This particular war showcased the vulnerability of the American forces towards guerilla warfare. The Vietnam War caused a widespread imbalance on the industrial front. The factories that would be used for the production of domestic goods were used for the production of military goods. The funds were mainly overseas, that caused the incidence of a weak dollar (Isserman & Bowman, 2003).